Plenty of research demonstrates that a healthy, balanced breakfast has many benefits (i.e. better weight management and increased focus and concentration resulting in higher academic achievement). If you aren’t convinced, see “Reasons to Not Skip Breakfast”.
This is especially true for the student athlete, who typically endures a long, demanding school day, with limited opportunities for fueling before a rigorous afternoon training or workout.
Unfortunately, there are 3 potential pitfalls for student athletes who skip or skimp on breakfast:
1) Athletes have higher cravings for sweets (a sign that your body is too hungry) and seek out candy or other less healthy sources of quick energy before practice.
2) A cycle of under-eating and over-eating results in the majority of the athlete’s calories being consumed in 1 or 2 meals, late in the day, versus the recommended 4-5 meals throughout the most active time of day. This pattern is very hard on the body resulting in increased cravings, compromised immune health, more fatigue, disruption of sleep, and increased storage of visceral fat (unhealthy fat stores around organ tissues).
3) Decreased endurance and stamina during afternoon practices resulting in less than ideal performance. Athletes who are well-fueled with breakfast, lunch and a pre-exercise snack have better mental focus, balance, and overall performance.
So, for those who want the benefits from a wholesome breakfast, but aren’t sure what to eat or struggle with time in the morning, check out these simple tips and recipes to get you on the road to success.
3 basic ingredients for a balanced breakfast:
1) Protein, 2) Complex carbohydrates & Color, and 3) Healthy fat
Protein, such as eggs, yogurt, lean meats, fish, cheese, and nuts, at breakfast is vital for overall growth and repair of muscle tissue, while also helping slow down the absorption of carbohydrates and keeping you satisfied until the next meal event.
Complex carbohydrates include foods such as oatmeal, whole grain breads, quinoa, fruit and vegetables. Try to avoid highly processed foods (things with more than 5 ingredients on the label) as they can lead to increased cravings before the next meal or snack. I also recommend including a fruit or vegetable when choosing oatmeal or other wholesome grains at breakfast because fruit and veggies are natural sources of anti-inflammatory chemicals, called antioxidants. Foods with anti-inflammatory properties are crucial for athletes to consume at each meal as they help manage the stress of exercise. So, as the saying goes, “Get some color on your plate!”
Healthy fats include nuts and seeds (specifically walnuts, almonds, and chia, sunflower or ground flax seed), nut butters, avocado, canola oil, olive oil, etc. Common toppings for breakfast foods often include butter, cream cheese, etc. These are also acceptable in moderation. Include a variety of fats in your weekly breakfast meals as they add flavor, increase satiety, and you will be adding important vitamins, such as vitamin E – also a powerful antioxidant!
To get you started, check out these simple breakfast ideas:
Click HERE for a printable version
20 Quick and Easy Breakfast Ideas:
Smoothies that satisfy! It seems everyone has their favorite smoothie recipe. Smoothies can be very quick, nutritious, and flavorful but to ensure your savory concoction keeps you satisfied without excessive calories, consider these tips: 1) combine 1-2 servings of fruit and/or veggies with a liquid (milk, water, juice, coconut water); 2) add a source of protein (Greek yogurt, protein powder, peanut butter); and 3) maybe a couple extras (ground flax, chia seeds, nuts, or spices). Just in case you don’t have your own favorite recipe, here are a couple quick and easy ideas.
1. Fruit and Yogurt Smoothie. Blend 1 cup plain Greek yogurt with 1 cup frozen fruit (banana and berries work very well) and 1/2 cup liquid (milk, juice, coconut water, etc.). Freeze overnight and thaw throughout the day to enjoy in the afternoon, or blend up in the morning.
2. Peanut Butter Banana Smoothie. Blend 1 small frozen banana, 2 tablespoons peanut butter, 1 cup milk, and 1 cup crushed ice (option – add 1 scoop chocolate whey protein).
3. CIB Smoothie. For an extra boost of calcium and protein, combine one packet of Carnation Instant Breakfast with 1 cup milk. Add 2 Tbsp. peanut butter and one small ripe banana. Blend with crushed ice.
4. Tart CherryBerry and Kale Smoothie. Feeling sore and tired? Try adding this smoothie that uses Tart Cherry Juice, known for its benefits of fighting inflammation and aiding in sleep. Start by liquefying ½ cup 100% tart cherry juice blended with handful baby kale. Add 1 cup plain Greek yogurt and 1 cup frozen berries. This recipe uses Tart Cherry Juice available at a variety of health food stores, such as Trader Joes. Note: if you use Tart Cherry Juice Concentrate, add 1 cup water to 1 ounce concentrate to reformulate.
Yummy Yogurt. Yogurt is great for breakfast because it’s easy to grab and packed with protein to help you stay satisfied longer. Try some of these tasty variations to ensure your breakfast is easy…and well-balanced.
5. Yogurt Parfait. This is one of the easiest breakfasts that provide a great balance of protein and carbohydrates for athletes on the go. Choose a variety of toppings, such as ¼ cup unsweetened granola, 1 tbsp chopped almonds and 1 cup frozen berries. Try choosing fruits that are in season, such as yummy, sweet berries in the summer, flavorful apples or a dollop of pumpkin puree come fall.
6. Tropical Yogurt Parfait. Top vanilla or plain Greek yogurt with ½ cup crushed canned pineapple (drained) and ½ sliced banana. If using plain, unsweetened yogurt, you may want to drizzle with a couple teaspoons of honey and top with shredded raw coconut.
Eggs…not just for the weekend. For many, the idea of an egg breakfast and “eating on the run” doesn’t seem to go together. Considering that eggs are the highest quality protein…and very cost effective, it’s worth it to experiment with some of these quick and easy ideas to start your day off right.
7. Microwaved Scrambled Eggs With Veggies. Yes, it is possible to make really good eggs in the microwave. And it’s easy! Beat 2 eggs, throw in a microwave-safe container, add 1 handful of your favorite veggies (spinach leaves, mushrooms, onions, cherry tomatoes are a few ideas), and a sprinkle of cheese. Zap the mixture for 30 seconds, stir, and cook another 30 seconds, or until eggs are solid. Prep the night by storing the raw mixture in a fridge until ready to heat and eat in the morning.
8. Breakfast Burrito. Breakfast burritos are full of good nutrition and easy to grab and go. Scramble 2 egg whites, 1/4 cup black beans, 2 tablespoons salsa, and 2 tablespoons shredded cheese, and wrap in 1 small whole-wheat tortilla. Make ahead by preparing a few at a time, wrap in foil, and keep in the freezer until ready to reheat.
9. Super Special Scrambled eggs. This tasty breakfast is packed with good nutrition for the stressed athlete! Simply lightly sauté handful of spinach with 1 ounce smoked salmon. Toss in 1-2 beaten eggs with the spinach mixture and cook through. If desired, melt in ½ Tbsp. cream cheese and season lightly with salt and pepper. Serve on top of lightly toasted whole grain baguette – Yum!!
10. Egg Sandwich. Who doesn’t love a classic egg sandwich? I remember my father-in-law adding a dollop of salsa to his! So use your creativity with this one. Simply prepare 1-2 eggs to your liking. Place between 2 whole-wheat English muffin halves (or toast) with 1 slice of cheddar cheese. Pile on some veggies or salsa, if you wish. Wrap in foil so the cheese melts evenly, and enjoy!
11. Egg Muffins. Another great do-ahead that is easy to heat up before running out the door. Simply beat 10 eggs, 1/4 cup chopped onion, 3 handfuls of spinach, 1 shredded zucchini, 1/2 a bell pepper (chopped), 4 slices cooked bacon or ham, chopped, and a sprinkle of salt and pepper. Divide egg mixture evenly in a greased muffin tin, and bake for 20-25 minutes at 350 F. Store in refrigerator or freezer. Zap it for a few seconds in the microwave before serving. (See another recipe featured below)
Muffin Madness. Muffins seem to get a bad rap for being only these sweet, carb-laden morsels of goodness. Well, as I like to say, you can have your “muffin” and be healthy too. Home baked muffins made with a variety of wholesome, natural whole grains can be a great way to manage portions and get high quality nutrition on the go.
12. Pumpkin protein muffins with oatmeal. These muffins are packed with a healthy balance of whole grain carbohydrates along with protein to make a perfect morning breakfast or snack. Make a batch the night before and zap in the morning for a warm, tasty meal. (See recipe below)
13. Whole-Wheat Banana Muffins. These hearty, wholesome muffins were developed by one of my dietetic interns and make the perfect portable breakfast. The Greek yogurt allows for a slight reduction in fat, while adding a punch of protein. (See recipe below)
14. Zucchini Muffins. Make a batch of your favorite zucchini bread or muffins to easily fit a serving of veggies into a delicious baked goods. Toss in some ground flax for a healthy dose of fiber and omega-3 fatty acids.
15. Raisin Bran Microwave Muffins. One of my favorite things for breakfast as a kid was these easy muffins from the microwave. Yup, muffins in the microwave! Prepare the batter ahead of time and leave in refrigerator. Scoop batter into ramekin or muffin cup and microwave on high for 1 minute, remove to take a look, and keep cooking for 30 seconds at a time until the muffin looks firm. (See recipe below)
Hearty & Hot Cereals! These recipes use a couple of nature’s most wholesome energy boosters – quinoa and oatmeal. Both are full of natural goodness with quinoa providing a complete protein, essential for tissue growth and repair; and, oatmeal delivers a great source of soluble fiber for improving satiety as well as offering a number of important health benefits.
16. Fruity Breakfast Quinoa. Simply prepare quinoa according to package directions, substituting milk for water. Add your favorite spices, such as cinnamon, nutmeg or pumpkin pie spice. Top with fresh berries and chopped almonds.
17. Pumpkin Pie Oatmeal. Skip the pumpkin spice latte and enjoy a more wholesome autumn treat for breakfast. Simply prepare quick oats in the microwave according to package directions adding a heaping dollop of pumpkin puree, pumpkin pie spice and low-fat milk or almond milk. If desired, drizzle with a couple teaspoons of maple syrup or brown sugar and walnuts for a quick and easy breakfast before heading out the door.
18. Overnight Oats. This popular Pinterest pin makes a lot of sense for anyone who really has no time for messing around in the kitchen in the morning. The night before, combine 1/2 cup milk, 1/3 cup rolled oats, 1/2 a mashed banana (or fruit of choice), 1/4 cup chopped nuts (or chia seeds), and a sprinkle of cinnamon in sealed Tupperware container or 1-cup mason jar. By morning, you’ll have delicious overnight oats! These can be heated in the microwave for 1-2 minutes if in the mood for something warm.
Which “wich”? These creative “sandwiches” combine balanced nutrition in a handful.
19. Waffle PBJ-Wich. Try this sweet take on a classic breakfast sandwich the next time eating on the go. Prepare 2 whole-grain toaster waffles. Spread one half with 2 tablespoons nut butter and layer 2-3 sliced strawberries or ½ sliced banana on top in place of the traditional jelly. Top with other half.
20. Apple-Wich. This is a perfect pick for apple season, Cut 1 apple in half and remove the core. Drop 2 tablespoons of your favorite nut butter between the two holes, and sprinkle in 1 tablespoon granola. Wrap up the whole apple in plastic wrap and pair with a portable serving of milk for an easy grab and go breakfast.
Egg Muffin Variation
See a great variation of this recipe at Averie cooks.
Pumpkin Protein Muffins with Oatmeal
Makes: 18 muffins Prep Time: 10 minutes Cook Time: 12-15 minutes
1 1⁄2 cups Oats 1 cup Whole wheat flour
1 (15 oz.) can Pumpkin 1⁄2 cup Protein powder (unflavored or vanilla)*
3⁄4 Brown sugar, packed 1 1⁄2 tsp Baking soda
3⁄4 cup Canola oil 3⁄4 tsp Baking powder
2 large Eggs 3⁄4 tsp salt
1 1⁄4 tsp Pumpkin spice (ginger, nutmeg and cinnamon mixed together)
1/3 cup (plus 1 tbsp) Chopped walnuts or pecans (optional)
1. Preheat oven to 375 Degrees.
2. In a large mixing bowl beat the brown sugar, oil and eggs together.
3. Add in the oats and pumpkin.
4. In a small bowl, combine the dry ingredients.
5. Gently mix dry ingredients into oat mixture, mixing as little as possible.
6. Fold in 1/3 cup nuts (if desired).
7. Pour batter into paper lined muffin tins, filling each muffin cup approximately 2/3 full.
8. Sprinkle tops of muffins with remaining chopped nuts (if desired).
9. Bake about 12-15 minutes or until toothpick inserted into the center of a muffin comes out clean.
* Note: If you don’t have protein powder on hand, or would rather not use it, just replace the 1⁄2 cup protein powder with an additional 1⁄2 cup whole wheat flour.
Whole Wheat Banana Muffins
Makes: 16 muffins Prep Time: 15 minutes Cook Time: 22 minutes
2 cups whole-wheat flour
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
1⁄2 teaspoon salt
1⁄2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
4 large ripe bananas
1 cup packed brown sugar
1⁄4 cup vegetable oil
1 large egg
1⁄2 cup plain Greek yogurt
2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
3⁄4 cup walnut halves, toasted and coarsely chopped (optional)
Turbinado cane sugar for sprinkling on muffins before baking
1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Line a muffin pan with liners and set aside.
2. In a medium bowl, whisk together flour, baking powder, baking soda, salt, and
cinnamon. Set aside.
3. In a large bowl, peel the bananas and mash with a fork. Add brown sugar, oil, egg,
yogurt, vanilla extract. Stir well until combined. Slowly stir in the dry ingredients.
Mix until just combined. Fold in walnuts if desired.
4. Fill muffin liners 3⁄4 full. If desired, sprinkle with cane sugar. Bake until toothpick
inserted in center comes out clean, about 22 minutes. Transfer to wire rack to cool.
Store, covered, at room temperature.
Adapted from recipe available at www.twopeasandtheirpod.com
Raisin Bran Muffins (Microwaveable)
4 cups Raisin Bran cereal
2 cups flour
1 cup sugar
2 tsp. baking soda
1 tsp. salt
½ cup canola oil
2 eggs, beaten
2 cups buttermilk (or substitute with 1 cup milk and 1 cup plain yogurt)
1 tsp vanilla
1. Combine first 5 dry ingredients together in a large bowl
2. Add the remaining ingredients the dry ingredients and mix until combined.
3. Store in a covered container in refrigerator up to 6 weeks.
4. Fill muffin cups 2/3 full and bake at 400 degrees for 15-20 minutes
5. If desired, fill ramekin or muffin cup (placed in microwaveable dish) with batter and microwave for 1 minute, checking every 30 seconds until cooked through.
If someone offered you a pill that helped you feel better, lose weight, decrease inflammation, improve your skin, and prevent disease, you’d take it, right? Fortunately, you don’t need to go to your doctor for that kind of prescription. You just need to visit your grocery store and load up on these healthy (and tasty) foods.
1. Berries. These tiny morsels are full of color and packed with the highest level of antioxidants than any fresh fruit. Antioxidants are naturally occuring nutrients that protect everything from your brain to your heart by helping to protect cells from damage. Enjoy fresh or frozen varieties by adding them to your cereal, yogurt or smoothie.
2. Greek Yogurt. All types of yogurt are an excellent source of calcium, potassium, protein, zinc, and vitamins B6 and B12. What distinguishes Greek yogurt is its thick, creamy texture that provides twice the amount of protein, along with probiotic cultures and less lactose. Pair your favorite yogurt with fresh fruit and granola for a balanced, energizing breakfast or snack.
3. Oatmeal. What a better way to start off a cold morning than with a bowl of steaming oatmeal!
Oats, oat bran, and oatmeal contain a specific type of fiber known as beta-glucan. For over 50 years, scientists have consistently proven the benefits of soluble fiber on cholesterol levels. Studies show that consuming one bowl of oatmeal, that contains 3 grams of oat fiber, per day can lower total cholesterol by 8-23%. This is significant as a reduction in one's cholesterol of even 1% correlates with a decrease in the risk of developing heart disease.
4. Olive Oil. The main type of fat in olive oil is monounsaturated fat (MUFA). Over the last 50 years,
study after study continues to demonstrate health benefits of this fat prominant in a Mediterranean diet. Benefits include decreasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases; decreasing inflammation; and, may help decrease depression. It is important to include a variety of fats in your diet, and to be mindful of eating fat in moderation.
5. Salmon. The widely studied benefits of the omega-3 fats in salmon include decreasing and preventing inflammation; improving mood and cognitive function; as well as, protecting joints and eyes from disease. With
almost 50% of the recommended daily intake of omega-3's in one 4-oz portion of salmon, it makes sense to include this in your weekly diet.
6. Broccoli. This is a staple in our house. Not only does it offer great nutritional benefits, but my kids love this veggie. Packed with many important chemicals, broccoli is high in fiber, potassium and calcium; and, offers anti-inflammatory nutrients, antioxidant nutrients, and anti-cancer nutrients to help sustain human health. Whether steamed or added to a stir fry, in less than 10 minutes, you can have a tasty addition to any meal.
7. Oranges. Many fruits and vegetables provide a good supply of vitamin C and fiber. I added oranges to this list, not only because they are in season right now and make for a tasty snack, but one orange provides over 115% of the recommended intake for vitamin C, important for boosting the immune system. They also provide phytonutrients, unique to oranges that have been found to
lower blood pressure and cholesterol.
8. Eggs. The benefits of eggs often get lost in the controversary about cholesterol. Studies have shown that dietary cholesterol in the egg yolk has no effect on blood cholesterol. Most important are several nutrients specific to both the egg yolk and egg white that help promote overall health. The protein in egg whites have been considered the most bio-available protein for the body. Egg yolks are also one of the richest dietary sources of the B-complex vitamin choline, which is associated with improved neurological function. The yolk is also an important source of vitamin D.
9. Spinach. Along with many dark green leafy vegetables, spinach contains numerous health benefits. Many unique compounds found in spinach have been shown to protect individuals against inflammatory problems, oxidative stress-related problems, cardiovascular problems, bone problems, and various cancers.
10. Water! I know, water isn't exactly a food. But it is one of the most essential nutrients in your daily intake. On average, women need 2.7 liters and men 3.4 liters of water each day (not including additional water needed to rehydrate following physical activity). Replacing the loss of fluids from your body due to evaporation, breathing, urine, etc. can help decrease headaches, control caloric intake, and decrease fatigue, improve skin health, and ensure your kidneys are working well. Your kidneys are able to do an amazing job of cleansing and eliminating your body of toxins when your fluid intake is adequate. Add sliced lemons or cucumbers to your water for a new twist. Or, try this - freeze lemon juice in ice cube trays and add a couple frozen lemon cubes to your water for refreshment.
Of course there are a number of foods that have offer important health benefits! There is great value in making sure your kitchen is stocked with a variety of food to offer you balanced nutrition. The foods highlighted here offer simple and tasty solutions (with no gimmicks) to enhance your meal planning.
Dairy foods such as low-fat or fat-free milk, cheese, yogurt and whey are convenient and cost-effective ways to power up with protein throughout the day. Dairy is one of the most economical sources of nutrition. Regardless of the type or variety of dairy product you choose – protein will be present.
Protein is essential in the diet on a daily basis because it is needed for growth and maintenance of muscle. Dairy’s whey protein has a natural taste and complements the flavor of the food it is added to. Whey protein is one of the best sources of naturally-occurring branched-chain amino acids, including leucine, which is unique in its ability to initiate muscle protein synthesis.
Top 5 benefits of adding whey protein to your diet:
1) Helps you maintain a healthy weight. Dairy foods that naturally contain whey protein help maintain lean tissue that burns more calories.
2) Calorie for calorie, whey protein helps you feel full longer than carbohydrates or fat.
As a result, you may reduce the extra snacking that is causing excess intake and weight gain.
3) Whey protein helps you get lean. Consuming dairy foods (such as milk, cheese, yogurt and whey protein) in combination with resistance exercise helps to restore a positive protein balance (more protein synthesis than protein breakdown) which is needed for muscle gain to occur.
4) Whey protein helps with exercise recovery. Whey protein provides the specific amino acids necessary for muscle repair and recovery after resistance training or vigorous exercise. Milk,
especially chocolate milk (because of its unique protein to carbohydrate ratio) has been shown to be an effective recovery drink for endurance activities.
5) Whey protein helps reduce loss of muscle mass. As early as age 40, we can lose muscle
mass if we don’t consume high quality protein along with adequate activity. Moderately increasing high qaulity protein consumption at each meal may help older adults retain muscle mass and thus help decrease weight gain as we age.
“…I know I should drink more milk, but I can’t. I am lactose intolerant…; It causes weight gain…; Humans weren’t meant to consume dairy…”
These and other objections are common reasons I have heard from my clients explaining why they do not consume dairy foods. Some of the information about dairy foods is frankly not been proven and is often misleading and/or inaccurate. Perhaps you have stopped consuming dairy products because of these type of fears, and would like more infomation on how you can begin to include a variety of dairy foods in your meals, Research has shown that even for someone who complains of severe lactose intolerance symptoms, they can almost always be brought up to the point of consuming three full glasses of milk per day without symptoms. The Creighton University Osteoporosis Research Center provides extensive replicable research on the health benefits of adding dairy-containing foods in your diet.
For example, the following link provides more information on lactose intolerance, and the evolution of humans consuming diary foods:
If you would like a program to help you include high quality protein foods, including dairy products, at each meal, working with a registered dietitian nutritionist can help you ensure you are meeting your needs and achieving your health goals.
Layman DK. The role of leucine in weight loss diets and glucose homeostasis [Review]. Journal of
Nutrition 2003; 133:261S-267S.
Leidy HJ, Carnell NS, Mattes RD, Campbell WW. Higher Protein intake preserves lean mass and satiety with weight loss in pre-obese and obese women. Obesity 2007; 15:421-9.
Campbell WW. Dietary protein and resistance training effects on muscle and body composition in older persons [Review]. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2007; 26:696S-703S.
Hayes A, Cribb PJ. Effect of whey protein isolate on strength, body composition and muscle hypertrophy during resistance training. Current Opinions in Nutrition and Metabolic Care 2008; 11:40-4.
Esmarck B, et al. Timing of post exercise protein intake is important for muscle hypertrophy with resistance training in elderly humans. Journal of Physiology 2001; 535:301-11.
Houston DK et al. Dietary protein intake is associated with lean mass change in older, community-dwelling adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (ABC) study.American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2008; 87:150-5.
Weigle DS, Breen PA, Matthys CC, et al. A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition2005; 82:41-48.
Val Schonberg is a Registered, Licensed Dietitian who specializes in weight management, sports nutrition, disease